Oncology is the use of medicines that deal with both cancers and tumours. In this medical profession an oncologist would only work and specialize in this field. They help to diagnose cancer patients, treat cancer patients, arrange terminal care for cancer patients and deal with all screening processes of cancer. If you wanted to work in this field you would have to be educated to a high standard as the knowledge needed is very specialised, this is the case for all oncologists and oncologist nurses.
Cancer is a common disease which affects millions of people each year, it is a disease that anyone can develop; it is seen in all genders, ethnic groups and ages. There are so many different types of cancers and they develop when normal cells in the body change and grow in an abnormal way. If they are not detected and treated in the early stages they may develop into tumors. When a tumor has developed many problems may arise, this includes causing the disease to spread through the body tissue or through the bloodstream.
The world of oncology has grown massively and once diagnosed with cancer, make sure to get examined in a healthcare facility backed by trusted oncology management consulting teams. This would involve diagnosing the cancer and determining what stage it has developed to. An oncologist would manage all treatments that a cancer patient will undergo; this may include radiotherapy and chemotherapy, or removing a tumour. Some oncologists deal specifically with certain cancers such as breast cancer or skin cancer where others may focus on child cancers. There is so much research being carried out on oncology, these include cell biology and improving care treatments for patients such as chemotherapy to make the process easier and less pain free.
Oncology relies on different tools to diagnose cancer. If the disease is suspected; an oncologist would always first look carefully at the history of a patient. Tools which are used to detect cancers have been developed so much in recent years and cancer screening has also developed dramatically. An oncologist may choose to diagnose a cancer by carrying out a biopsy; this involves removing tissue to check for cancer. Other tools that may be used include MRI and CT scanning, endoscopies and ultrasound amongst many other sophisticated testing and screening processes. An oncologist would usually take a blood test as these can show a rise in blood markers which may indicate cancer. The world of oncology is becoming very sophisticated and advanced.
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Article authored by Sarah Cossick.